文章摘要
杜 建.科技创新态势研究:范式与实践[J].中华医学图书情报杂志,2017,26(10):1-9.
科技创新态势研究:范式与实践
Research model of scientific and technological innovation situation and tendency analysis: paradigm and applications
投稿时间:2017-10-24  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1671-3982.2017.10.001
中文关键词: 科技创新态势  多源数据  多维证据  知识服务  精准医学  智库  生物安全  转化医学
英文关键词: Scientific and technological innovation situation  Multi-source data  Multi-dimension evidence  Knowledge service  Precision medicine  Thinking tank  Biosecurity  translation medicine
基金项目:
作者单位
杜 建 中国医学科学院医学信息研究所北京 100005 
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中文摘要:
      目的:从情报研究辅助科技决策的角度,探讨科技创新态势研究范式,促进信息服务向知识服务拓展。方法:在阐述科技创新态势内涵、监测创新活动研发态势、评估创新主体竞争态势的基础上,提出基于多源数据、多维证据和多元方法的领域科技创新态势研究范式。结果:基于该研究范式开展相关服务并总结出以下经验:基于多源数据和多维证据融合研判生物安全创新态势,在精准医学优先领域研究中注重科学计量分析与智库报告分析相结合,在基因编辑全景研究中注重从网络分析中挖掘态势,在干细胞领域竞争态势研究中注重适度前瞻与差异化发展策略。结论:该模式响应了科技创新新模式和海量数据新趋势等信息环境的变化,更符合从科技情报需求向科技情报创新需求转变的特征。为提高科技创新态势研究与决策需求的契合度及咨询研究的决策价值,建议加强综合研判能力与语言表达能力的提升和建立三方合作模式与定期交流机制。
英文摘要:
      Objective To study the research model of scientific and technological innovation situation from the angle of information research-assisted scientific decision-making in order to transform information service to knowledge service in research library. Methods The research model of scientific and technological innovation situation was proposed on the basis of multi-source data, multi-dimension evidence and multi-methods after the connotation of scientific and technological innovation situation was elaborated, innovative activity research and development were monitored, and the innovative body competition was assessed. Results The following experiences were summarized according to the service provided based on the model: comprehensive research on biosecurity innovation situation based on multi-source data and multi-dimension evidence, importance attached to the combined scientometric analysis and thinking tank report analysis when the research of precision medicine was placed in a priority position, attention paid to the mining of situation in network analysis, stress laid on the prospective and different development strategies in competition situation research of stem cells. Conclusion The research model of scientific and technological innovation situation is a new model of scientific and technological innovation and can adapt to the changing information environment and the transformation of scientific and technological information needs to scientific and technological information innovation needs. Comprehensive research ability and language expression ability should be improved, and cooperation model and regular communication systems should be established in order to improve the value of consultation research in decision- making.
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